Heart failure happens when your heart muscle fails to pump blood efficiently or fails to relax sufficiently to accommodate the blood. Heart failure can result in the blood stagnating and building up in the lungs, leading to breathing difficulties.
The main reason for heart failure is the weakening of your heart muscles. You may develop telltale signs that your heart is failing in its capacity to pump blood and supply your body with oxygenated blood and nutrients. As the heart muscles weaken, your heart may become too stiff or weak to function properly.
Navigating heart failure can be challenging, but you don't have to do it alone. Dr. Karthigesan is here to support you every step of the way. An accomplished cardiologist, Dr. Karthigesan has dedicated his career to understanding the heart and helping patients navigate complex conditions like heart failure. With Dr. Karthigesan, you're not just receiving medical treatment. You're gaining a partner who is committed to your journey towards better heart health.
Heart failure complications are based on your general physical health, age, and the severity of your heart condition. Heart failure may lead to:
Left-sided heart failure
The left side of your heart works harder when you have left-sided heart failure. A healthy left ventricle’s ejection fraction is above 60%. An ejection fraction or EF is the percentage of blood pumped by the heart with every beat. Left-sided heart failure is further categorised as:
Right-sided heart failure
Right ventricular heart failure usually results from left-sided heart failure. When this happens, the fluid pressure is routed back through the lungs, eventually damaging the heart’s right side. Once damaged, the right side loses its ability to pump blood and causes the blood to back up in your veins.
Congestive heart failure
CHF, or Congestive Heart Failure or heart failure, is a medical condition requiring immediate attention. Congestion occurs in the body tissues when the blood flows out of the heart and slows down, causing the blood returning towards the heart in the veins to back up. This congestion manifests as oedema in the ankles, legs, and other body parts. Sometimes it may result in pulmonary oedema, where the fluid collects inside the lungs and obstructs your breathing, especially when lying down. Unless treated immediately, pulmonary oedema can cause respiratory distress.
In other cases, heart failure impacts kidney function, obstructing it from properly eliminating water and sodium and leading to excessive blood volume. This excessive fluid can also add to water retention in your body.
It is important to seek medical help if you experience any heart failure symptoms mentioned above. Dr Karthigesan will diagnose your condition and opt for the best heart failure treatment to relieve your symptoms and improve the quality of your health. He may suggest:
Yes, it is. Heart failure causes abnormal heart rhythms that hamper the heart’s capacity to pump blood. When the heart fails to do this function efficiently, it significantly increases the risk of death.
Dr. Karthigesan will do an echocardiogram with the help of advanced technology like 3D, 4D, and strain-rate imaging to track your ejection fraction over a given time period to assess your heart’s functioning ability. Ejection fraction refers to the amount of blood the heart pumps out with each beat.